On December 14, 2017 new changes to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) came into force which pack a punch for non-compliant employers.
The most publicized aspect of the new laws was the “elevated heel” prohibition, but there are other changes all employers, including dentists, should know about!
Here are the changes that may affect you:
- Maximum fines per conviction under the OHSA have been hiked up to $1.5 million for corporations; and $100,000 for individuals
- Individuals may now be sentenced with up to 12 months of jail time for non-compliance
- Unless the employer owns the workplace, the employer must now notify the Ministry of Labour if a committee or a health and safety representative has identified potential structural inadequacies of a building or any part of a workplace as a source of danger or hazard to workers
- High heals cannot be mandated by an employer unless an “elevated heel” is required for worker safety (except in the case of employees working in the entertainment and advertising industries)
- The prosecution of non-compliant employers is now limited to 1 year of the occurrence of the last act or default or the day on which an inspector becomes aware of the alleged offence
Please note that the information provided herein should not be considered legal advice and is provided for informational and educational purposes only. If you need advice about the new occupational health and safety laws, please contact me (Ljubica Durlovska), Jonathan Borrelli, David Mayzel or Michael Carabash. We are your legal dental team.
The Ontario Government has made a small amendment to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) that impacts all employers in Ontario. Read more
Filed under Blog · Tagged with $1.5 million fine, $100000 fine, 12 month jail time, bill, bill 177, fines, health and safety fines, health and safety law, health and safety penalty, jail time, lawl, limitation period, occupational health and safety, OHSA, OHSA charges, OHSA infractions, royal assent
The infection prevention and control (“IPAC”) craze has had dentists scratching their heads for quite some time wondering where to turn for answers about IPAC, Public Health Ontario (“PHO”) inspections, which of the many IPAC guidelines to follow, how to respond to inspectors, etc. If you’re out of the loop and need to find out more about the “craze” that started last summer, see our previous IPAC blogs by clicking here.
The description of the checklists on the PHO website states:
These checklists were developed to assist public health units and others during IPAC lapse investigations and can be used to conduct inspections, audits and reviews of IPAC programs in dental practice settings.
That’s helpful, right? But it appears that an inspector who comes to your practice may be using these two checklists to assist in ensuring compliance. The language is not definitive and room is left for inspectors to use other documents. What’s more, the checklists reference sources from the RCDSO guidelines and Dispatch articles, the Occupational Health and Safety Act, PHO documents, Provincial Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee (PIDAC) documents, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) documents, etc.
So, although instructive on the matter, the new checklists may not be the definitive answer dentists were waiting for about their IPAC obligations!
The RCDSO put out a news release early this month stating that they have worked closely with PHO to develop the new checklists.
The RCDSO also took the opportunity to confirm that the RCDSO has always and continues to suggest that dentists’ professional obligations include
following public health guidelines as well as the recommendations of manufacturers of sterilization and other dental office equipment to ensure patient safety at all times.
They also hint at “potential changes” to the RCDSO Guidelines but confirm that no changes are anticipated until at least the new year.
What’s interesting is that despite recommendation that dentists follow public health guidelines and manufacturer recommendations for sterilization, they also state the current RCDSO guidelines will remain in effect and that “We have had no reports of any dental office that follows the current Guidelines being closed” which is a confusing message to send to dentists.
Right now, dentists don’t know where to turn for authoritative IPAC information. They are pulled in every direction from PIDAC to RCDSO to CDC to CDA – each of which have their own guidelines, recommendations and IPAC documents – some of which are similar but not always the same. And with confusing and contradictory information about which document to follow for proper IPAC measures in their dental practice, no wonder there is so much head scratching going on.
Although not the definitive answer dentists were waiting for, the new checklists are certainly instructive and a step in the right direction. But it is my hope that the PHO and RCDSO continue to collaborate to create a consolidated guideline document for dental practices that will help dentists to easily access one authoritative document and then feel safe and at ease knowing that they are conducting their IPAC using the authoritative guideline on the matter.
In the meantime, dentists should be familiar with both PIDAC and RCDSO guidelines on IPAC. If you are a dentist in Ontario you should absolutely use the new checklists to conduct an internal inspection and to see if your office would comply if an inspector walked into your dental practice today! And be sure to familiarize yourself with the other documents cited in the checklists!
Please note that the information provided herein should not be considered legal advice and is provided for informational and educational purposes only. If you need advice about IPAC at your dental practice, please contact me (Ljubica Durlovska), Jonathan Borrelli, David Mayzel or Michael Carabash. We are your legal dental team.
The Royal Ottawa Health Care Group was recently fined $75,000 for violating the Occupational Health and Safety Act (“OHSA“).
This decision stems from a series of events at Brockville Mental Health Centre. Starting in August 2014, multiple nurses were assaulted in various ways by patients over the span of a couple of months. Finally, in October 2014 a nurse was stabbed by a patient with a pen. The nurse, who had been escorting the patient to the bathroom when the patient lashed out, sustained serious injuries and the Ministry of Labour was notified of the incident.
The Royal Ottawa Health Care Group, which operates Brockville, was found guilty of failing to reassess the risks of workplace violence and to ensure policies and programs continue to protect workers (section 32.0.3(4) of the OHSA).
Because non-compliance with the OHSA is a provincial offence, the Ontario Court of Justice imposed a fine of $75,000. The court also added a 25% victim surcharge that goes into a provincial government fund to assist victims of crime.
You can read the Court Bulletin about this case here.
If you are wondering what you can do to make sure you don’t end up in the shoes of the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group, here is the takeaway:
Don’t simply provide violence policies / procedures and put them on the shelf, never to be seen again. Dust those policies off at least once a year and even more often when the need arises, as it did in this case.
We also advise involving your health and safety representative or joint health and safety committee in the process; ask them to review the policy and hold a staff meeting about ideas on how to improve the violence policies / procedures, if necessary. More involvement by workers in drafting and revising these types of policies means more compliance and adherence to those policies.
The same principles apply to your other policies, such as harassment, health and safety, sexual harassment, etc. For more blogs about your obligations under the OHSA, click here.
Please note that the information provided herein should not be considered legal advice and is provided for informational and educational purposes only. If you need advice about your obligations as an employer under the OHSA, or need help coming up with and implementing a new office policy manual, please contact me (Ljubica Durlovska), Jonathan Borrelli, David Mayzel or Michael Carabash. We are your legal dental team.
Spring is in the air! April showers have come and gone, the flowers are blooming, planting
of our vegetable gardens has already begun, the warm weather is upon us. It’s a great time of year.
A great time of year for Ontario Ministry of Labour Workplace Inspection Blitzes and Initiatives!
Filed under Blog, Dental Hygienists, Staff · Tagged with audits, blitz, employment standards, ergonomics, ESA, falls, holidays, hours of work, inspection, Jonathan Borrelli, minimum wage, ministry, ministry of labour, MOL, needle, needle safety, noise, northern ontario, occupational health and safety, OHSA, overtime, slips, standards, trips, vacation, workplace violence, x-ray
David Mayzel is your legal risk manager. He is a trained courtroom lawyer and has spent many years resolving disputes both in and out of court. He knows how to prepare documents and execute transactions in a way that avoids or mitigates legal risks. He can be reached at 416.528.5280. or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Michael Carabash is your business law adviser. He is an entrepreneur at heart who helps you see the big legal picture. He drafts clear and effective agreements that protect your rights while promoting your interests. He can be reached at 647.680.9530. or email@example.com.
Ljubica Durlovska is your transition lawyer. She helps you with staff and associates, maintaining your corporation, and other business matters. She can be reached at 416.443.9280, extension 206 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Jonathan Borrelli is your employment lawyer. He helps you with staff and associates matters, including hirings, terminations, switching staff to written contracts and resolving disputes. He can be reached at 416.443.9280, extension 204 or email@example.com.
Benjamin Kong is an experienced business law clerk. He assists David and Michael with corporate matters and purchase / sale transactions. He can be reached at 416.443.9280, extension 207 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Julie Whitehouse is an experienced business law clerk. She assists David and Michael with corporate matters and purchase / sale transactions. She can be reached at 416.443.9280, extension 203 or email@example.com.
David, Michael, Ljubica, Jonathan, Ben and Julie are a truly dynamic team. Their diverse knowledge, skills, and experiences will help you get the best deal possible while promoting your interests and protecting your rights. You can read dentist testimonials here.